Balance is the result of several body systems working in tandem: eyes, ears and proprioception. Degeneration or loss of function in any can lead to balance disorders.
A balance disorder may cause feelings of unsteadiness, wooziness or the sensation of spinning, moving or floating. Vertigo typically involves a sensation of spinning and may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
The most common forms of vertigo include:
- Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
- Vestibular Neuronitis
- Meniere's Disease
Diagnosis requires careful examination and testing that may include an audiogram, a videonystagmogram, and CT or MRI of the brain. Treatment may involve medications and specialized exercises to suppress the vertigo. Physical therapy and vestibular rehabilitation may be required in more severe cases.
Located in the neck just below the larynx, the thyroid gland secretes hormones that assist in regulating the body's metabolism. Thyroid hormones influence virtually every organ system in the body.
Most thyroid problems are treated medically, including goiter (enlargement of the thyroid). Excessive enlargement of the thyroid may impede breathing or swallowing, requiring removal of the gland. Thyroid nodules and cancers require fine needle aspiration for diagnosis, and, if indicated, surgical excision.
Head and Neck Cancer
Cancers of the head and neck can affect the skin, mouth, throat, nose and airway. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is very effective in controlling most head and neck cancers.
Facial Lesions and Cosmetic Surgery
Our physicians are experienced in treating many facial cosmetic problems and specialize in facial restoration following skin cancer surgery.
The major salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, sublingual) are located in the cheek, beneath the jaw, and under the tongue, secreting saliva into the mouth. Saliva aids in digestion, oral lubrication and hygiene, and protection against tooth decay.
Salivary glands can become obstructed, leading to swelling, pain and infection. Treatment may include dilation of a duct and stone removal, antibiotics, hydration and sialogogues (sour balls), and, in more severe or chronic cases, surgical excision of the gland.